B Boost

B group vitamins are essential for the conversion of chemical energy that occurs within the muscle fibres. Under grazing conditions, the daily requirement of B Vitamins is produced by the micro-organisms in the large intestine. High grain intake lowers the intestinal PH with a resultant drop in vitamin B production.

A diet low in B Vitamins has shown to have an effect on athletic performance. Human studies have shown that when athletes were restricted to less than half of their daily requirement for vitamins B1, B2 & B6, a significant drop in performance occurred. Similar studies in equine athletes have shown that supplementing with vitamin B1 prior to competition improved performance by reducing the accumulation of lactic acid in the muscles.Horses in training benefit from B Vitamin supplementation for several reasons;

1) The production of ATP increases with exercise, therefore so does the requirement for B vitamins.

2) Digestion of high grain diets leads to a fall in the pH of the large intestine, which in turn alters the microflora population. The result is a net decrease in B vitamin production.

3) Studies have shown that supplementing Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) in the diet has the effect of reducing post exercise lactic acid levels.

B Boost paste contains high levels of all the essential B group vitamins in one single oral dose syringe.  It also contains Betaine, which is converted to dimethylglycine in the liver. DMG reduces lactic acid build-up during strenuous exercise.

B Boost contains no prohibited substances so is safe to use prior to competition and should be administered 12 to 24 hours prior to competition, or on a regular basis for poor appetite, or to assist recovery after sickness. Also assists recovery from traveling long distances.

Daily dose rates: Full 30ml syringe when required

Active ingredients per 30ml dose:
Betaine                    1500mg
Vitamin B1               180mg
Vitamin B2               180mg
Vitamin B3               500mg
Vitamin B6               150mg
Vitamin B12             1500µg
Folic Acid                 150mg
Inositol                     750m

 

Available Size: 30ml

Bone Builder

Bone Builder is a feed supplement formulated to help increase bone density in young horses. It contains Silicon, Magnesium, Boron and Lysine and is designed to be fed in conjunction with Vetpro High Performance Mineral Supplement which provides Calcium, Phosphorus, Copper and Zinc.
For a long time it was considered that to have achieve stronger bone all that was necessary was to feed more Calcium. Research has conclusively proven that increasing dietary calcium above recommended dietary levels has no effect on bone density. What research has shown is the important role that Silicon, Magnesium and Boron play in bone mineralisation.
The rate of skeletal growth in young horses occurs faster than weight gain. By 12 months of age a horse can attain 94% of its mature height and 65% of its mature weight. Total bone mineral content (BMC) lags behind skeletal growth. At 12 months of age bone mineralisation is 76% complete. Maximum BMC is not reached until a horse is 6 years old.
The period when young bones need to be strong is often the time when they are subjected to the most stress. A horse traveling at race speeds is subjected to forces three times its own bodyweight. Maximising bone density is important in improving bone strength and thereby preventing bone injuries. By paying careful attention to mineral supplementation, bone density and skeletal durability can be improved.
Bone mineralisation begins during the last three months of pregnancy. At this stage fetal bones are cartilage models of the adult bones. The skeleton of the newborn foal contains only 17% of the adult bone mineral content. The first 12 months are an important nutritional period as bone mineralisation proceeds at an accelerated rate.
The importance of Calcium and Phosphorus in bone development is well known. Less is known about the importance of Magnesium, Boron and Silicon.
Magnesium is essential for the formation of the collagen matrix and bone mineralization. Around 60% of the Mg in the body is found in bone tissue. Human studies have shown a positive correlation between bone mineral density and dietary magnesium. Low magnesium is associated with reduced activity by osteoblasts and osteoclasts – the cells involved in bone remodeling. Boron is a trace element that up until recently has received very little attention. Human research indicates that boron aids the uptake of Calcium and Magnesium into bone as well as increasing vitamin D3 levels, important for bone mineral metabolism.
Silicon is an essential nutrient for normal body function and one of the most common, but most of the silicon found in nature is in a sand form and is unable to be absorbed by the body. Plants can take Silicon up from the soil so consequently the forage and grains that horses consume contain small amounts.  Silicon is also involved in the formation of the collagen matrix. Experiments showed Silicon deficient diets resulted in lower bone collagen levels, resulting in abnormal bone growth. The same series of experiments also showed that Silicon supplementation increased the rate of bone mineralisation as well as increasing the Glycosaminoglycan levels in cartilage, important in the prevention and treatment of degenerative joint disease.
Studies carried out at the University of Texas underlined the importance of Silicon in maximizing bone density in young racehorses. In these studies horses on Silicon supplemented diets were able to train and race for longer and sustained less bone injuries than non-supplemented horses. This was attributed to a reduction in bone absorption and an overall improvement in bone density. It was noted that Silicon supplementation had no effect on growth rate, therefore was not connected with any risk of growth related diseases like OCD.
Bone Builder contains a highly absorbable form of Silicon, along with Magnesium, Boron and the essential growth promoting Amino Acid Lysine.  Each 30g dose delivers 9.48g Lysine, 5.25g Magnesium, 30.5mg Silicon and  25ppm Boron.
Bone Builder should be fed to weanlings, yearlings and 2 year olds in training.  Older horses (36 months upwards) do not benefit from supplementation as the collagen matrix has developed fully. It should be fed to broodmares during the last three months of pregnancy. When fed during lactation the levels in the milk increase, resulting in Silicon being available to the foal.
Recommended daily dose rates:
Foals & Weanlings: 15gms
Yearlings & 2 year olds:  30gms
Pregnant (last trimester) & Lactating Broodmares:  30gms
Available Sizes: 1kg,10kg

Equine Athlete Chromium –Plus

Equine Athlete Chromium – Plus contains organic chromium, amino acids important to muscle performance and repair and Vitamin B6.   Human athletes have known about the role of Chromium as an essential nutrient for years.  However, it is only since 1992 that equine researchers have clearly defined Chromium’s role in improving performance.  Kentucky researchers have shown that horses fed 5mg of organic Chromium per day had significantly lower blood lactate and blood cortisol levels after intense exercise.
Lactic Acid is a by-product of energy metabolism. During intense exercise, it is accumulated in muscles and causes fatigue. Chromium has been shown to slow the buildup of lactic acid in the blood during strenuous exercise and delay the onset of fatigue. Thus increasing the amount of time an individual horse could sustain a maximal effort during intense exercise, racing or competition.
Cortisol is commonly termed the “stress hormone”.  Levels increase during stressful periods.  Increased cortisol levels lead to a reduction in insulin levels.  This results in reduced energy utilization and protein synthesis, important factors in the athletic horse. Chromium enhances the effect of insulin and improves the uptake of glucose and amino acids into the muscle cells.
Tests have also shown that supplementation with organic Chromium has been shown to increase stress resistance and improve  immunity, helping with improving resistance to bacterial and viral diseases. Organic Chromium is a useful nutritional supplement to assist horses that may be susceptible to muscle Tye-up.
Human studies have shown how daily supplementation with Chromium increases muscle gain and reduces body fat when combined with a physical training programme.
Equine Athlete CR3 Chromium- Plus also contains the essential branched chain amino acids Leucine, Isoleucine and Valine which are utilised directly by skeletal muscles to repair the muscle cells that are damaged during intense exercise. Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) is involved in the metabolism of these amino acids.
Active Ingredients per kg: 
Trivalent Chromium 0.033%
L-Leucine 0.4% Daily Dose Rate:
L-Valine 0.4% 15g Performance & Racehorses
L-Isoleucine 0.2%

Pyridoxiline (B6) 0.1%

Available Sizes: 500gm, 5kg.

Equine High performance Minerals

Vetpro has customized the range of Mineral Supplements to make minerals more user- specific. The under lying principle that we are basing this on is that all horses need mineral supplementation. They are essential for the growth and development of the musculo-skeletal system in young horses. Adult horses rely on minerals for the maintenance of that same system. There are no grazing situations in New Zealand that can provide the total mineral requirements of a horse on a daily basis.
We can recognize 3 dietary situations where different mineral supplements are necessary. Which category does your horse fit?
1#  Horses grazing at pasture and fed nothing else. e.g. spelling horses (maintenance) ponies and broodmares (non-pregnant). Then you will need Equine Speller Minerals (See Speller Minerals card).
2#  Horses fed hard feed and hay with some access to pasture and being required to produce strenuous or demanding performance e.g. racehorses, eventers, dressage, endurance, show jumpers .
3#  Pregnant or lactating broodmares.
2# and 3# will need Equine Performance Minerals
Horses in full training on energy diets have an extra demand for minerals and trace elements. The same can be said for lactating broodmares and rapidly growing yearlings (pre sale preparation). If feeding prepared feeds with some minerals included – check the list of actual minerals and note that unless the horse is fed the stated quantity eg 5kgs per day of the feed, then the mineral content will be less thatnthe required daily amount. Vetpro EquinePerformance Minerals contain calcium and phosphorus in approximately a 1:1 ratio, along with higher levels of all the essential trace minerals. Used at the recommended dose rates it provides the daily requirements of all important minerals and trace elements.
All horses do not need vitamins and over supplementing some vitamins can be detrimental. Vetpro does not mix a general supplement as it would be uneconomic for the owner and horses need to be fed and supplemented specifically to their needs.
Active Ingredients per kg;
Phosphorus                15.3%
Sulphur                      3.0%
Copper                       0.24%
Zinc                            0.4%
Magnesium                   2.5%
Cherry Flavour              0.48%
Calcium                       19.55%
Manganese                   0.31%
Iodine                           0.0047%
Cobalt                          0.0021%
Selenium                      0.0014%
Milk Powder                  2.162%

Available Sizes:  2kg, 5kg, 15kg, 25kg

Muscle Max

Muscle Max is a feed supplement formulated to maximise the efficiency of muscle metabolism. It does this in two ways, by improving lean muscle mass and by reducing the effects of post exercise muscle fatigue.  A large part of the daily energy requirement of the equine athlete is used by the skeletal muscles to power the contractions that give the horse its attributes of speed, endurance and strength.

The energy from feed is stockpiled in the muscles in the form of glycogen. Through a chain of biochemical reactions within the muscle cells, the glycogen is oxidised to release Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) the chemical energy source used to power the muscle cells. The oxidation process requires large amounts of oxygen, hence the need for an efficient blood supply.

The waste products from this energy burning process include water, carbon dioxide, ammonia, lactic acid and free radicals, all of which have the potential to reduce muscular efficiency. Free radicals can cause serious damage to the muscle cell membrane. It is these free radicals, in conjunction with the waste ammonia and lactic acid, that many equine sport scientists believe are responsible for muscle fatigue, post exercise muscle soreness and muscle tye-up.

Antioxidants are substances that have the ability to inactivate the free radicals within the cell. There are many nutritional antioxidants, mostly found in plants.  Muscle-Max is an antioxidant supplement that contains stabilised rice-bran. Rice bran is a rich source of glycerides, free fatty acids, phospholipids and glycolipids. Its principle antioxidants are the tocopherals, tocotrienols and gamma oryzanol, as well as inositol, phytic acid and choline.Vitamin E is one of the Tocopherols found in Muscle-Max, but it is the tocotrienols that are 50 times more potent than Vitamin E, that makes rice branl such a potent antioxidant formulation.

Besides being an antioxidant, gamma oryzanol is a plant sterol, giving it anabolic properties. Studies in which gamma oryzanol supplements were included in diets of both human and equine athletes over a 6-8 week period resulted in improved muscle to fat ratios, along with improved appetite.

Muscle-Max also contains chromium picolinate. Chromium is not an antioxidant, but it does play an important role in increasing muscle energy utilization, while at the same time lowering blood lactic acid levels during exercise. Recent research in the USA has shown that racehorses in full training supplemented daily with 5mgs of organic chromium had 13% lower blood lactate levels after intense exercise than the control horses used in the studies. Studies with human athletes have shown that daily supplementation with organic chromium increases muscle gain and reduces body fat more than physical exercise alone.

In summary Muscle-Max combines the antioxidant and anabolic properties of stabilised rice bran and along with chromium picolinate helps to reduce muscle fatigue and post exercise muscle damage.  It alsto create muscle gain and a reduction in body fat. It is a 100% natural product that can be used right up to and during competition. It is formulated with an apple flavour that horses find palatable.

Available Sizes; 2kg ,5kg, 20kg

Nasal Eze

Nasal-Eze is an effective product for horses showing  upper respiratory tract problems.

It is a 100% natural product and contains Menthol and four volatile oils in an anhydrous base.
The Menthol gives a cooling sensation to irritated nasal membranes and also helps clear the airways and bronchial passages.

Eucalyptus Oil is a useful expectorant, increasing the amount of respiratory secretions.

Tee Tree Oil properties are well known.  It is able to maintain its activity in the presence of nasal secretions.  It also has a soothing action on the nasal membranes.

Oil of Thyme contains  Thymol  known for its influence on spores.

Pine Oil possesses mild antiseptic properties.

These oils are formulated in a non-irritant anhydrous base that makes application to the inner nostril, easy and safe.

A liberal amount should be applied twice daily to the base of each nostril.

It is also useful to reduce the possibility of transfer whenever horses are exposed to other horses that have respiratory infections.  It should be used before transportation and anytime a horse is exposed to dusty or spore condition.

Active Ingredients:
Menthol
Eucalyptus
Pine Oil
Tea Tree oil
Thyme Oil
In an Anhydrous base

Dose Rates: 
Apply liberally to the base of each nostril,
Before and after exercise
Before transportation
Any time the horse may be exposed to other horses, dust or spores

Available Sizes: 250gm,500gm

Quicklyte

The intense muscular activity associated with training and competition, whether it is racing, eventing, show jumping endurance or dressage, results in an increase in body heat. The only way a horse can get rid of this heat is through sweat loss.
Sweat also represents the main route of fluid and electrolyte loss, between 5 and 10 litres per hour can be lost during an event or  race.
Rapid replacement of the fluid and electrolytes is important for a quick recovery. Failure to adequately replace lost electrolytes will lead to dehydration.
Saline drenching has always been the traditional method of ensuring rapid electrolyte replacement. Although effective, this method is often inconvenient and expensive as it usually requires the services of a veterinarian.
Now there is an alternative to saline drenching.
Quick-lyte paste is a combination of electrolytes and chelated minerals formulated in a single dose syringe. One 30ml dose syringe replaces the electrolytes lost in 2 litres of sweat. Because the electrolytes in Quick-lyte are present in a highly absorbable form, they are rapidly absorbed from the horse’s stomach. Quick-lyte uses a patented carrier that ensures the stability of the electrolytes and minerals during storage and also gives the product its free-flow properties that make it easy to use.
After taking Quick-lyte, horses have a strong desire to drink so it is important that fresh drinking water is made available. This makes Quick-lyte ideal to use before and after long float trips. How often do you hear of horses who won’t drink when they travel away from home?, Quicklyte will trigger a response to drink and often then to eat.
Some indications for using Quick-lyte include:;
  •  8 to 12 hours before intense exercise
  •  1 to 2 hours after intense exercise
  •  Regularly during hot summer months
  • When horses won’t take electrolytes in their feed
  • Endurance Recovery Stops
  • After transportation
Quick-lyte also contains Iron Gluconate as well as Zinc, Copper and Cobalt chelates, all essential minerals for red blood cell production. Chelated minerals are more easily absorbed than ordinary minerals as they do not compete with each other for absorption sites across the gut wall. In addition, chelated means the presence of iron in Quick-lyte has no effect on adsorption of the minerals.
Active Ingredients per dose: 
Potassium3776mg
Chloride7791mg
Magnesium78mg
 Zinc3mg
Cobalt0.42mg
Sodium2832mg
Calcium250mg
Iron17mg
Copper2.8mg
VitaminE150iu
Available Size: 30ml syringe

Equine Relax

Calming Formula for Horses
Horses can become tense for many reasons, but when it stems from a shortfall in the levels of certain key nutritional ingredients, then Equine Relax can provide the answer to achieving a more sensible and attentive animal. Equine Relax contains the full range of actives that can be low in the horse’s diet. Firstly, it contains Vitamin B1 and Vitamin E, both these vitamins can help nervous horses to settle, as well as being advantageous for muscle problems.
It also contains Magnesium,some horses may suffer from a lack of available magnesium in their diets andthese horses become hypersensitive, even in their normal stable environment.
It contains the amino acid L-Tryptophan which has a calming effect on horses. When fed in high doses Tryptophan is converted by the body to a natural sedative. In humans it has been used to treat insomnia.
Equine Relax can be used right up to and during competition as it contains no prohibited substances. It does not reduce performance.
Daily dose rate is 35g for ponies and 50g for horses. The time a horse may take to respond varies on the type of horse and its general level of reactions. For example, some reported responses have been 5-7 days, others up to 21 days. It can be used for a few days prior to a competition at twice the daily dose.
Active ingredients per kg: 
Tryptophan                   12.0%
Magnesium                   5.0%
Vitamin E                     2.0%
Vitamin B1                   0.3%
Available sizes: 500g, 1kg, 2kg, 5kg

Equine Vitamin E

Equine Vitamin E is a cherry flavoured supplement in a wheatgerm base. Each 15 gram dose contains 1000iu of Vitamin E in the form of Tocopherol.
Vitamin E is a powerful anti-oxidant. It protects muscle cells and blood vessels against the toxic waste products of cell metabolism know as free radicals. It also protects the red blood cells.
It has been shown that Vitamin E supplementation can reduce nervousness in some horses. It is also indicated to aid horses that are prone to tying up, especially in conjunction with Equine Selenium K.
Horses low in good pasture or green feed intake are in need of Vitamin E supplementation.
Vitamin E is also necessary in the diet of breeding stallions and mares to maintain fertility.
Do not add to the same feed as an iron supplement as the vitamin may be damaged and therefore made ineffective.
Active ingredients per kg
Vitamin E 67000 IU/Kg

Each 15g dose contains 1000mg of Vitamin E

 Available Sizes: 500 gm, 1kg, 2kg, 5kg and 10kg
 

Equine Electrolytes

The muscular activity associated with training and competition results in a rapid increase in body temperature. The only way for horses to lose this excess body heat is via sweat production; in fact efficient muscle function is dependent on it.

 

Sweat also represents the major route of fluid and electrolyte loss in horses, taking with it significant amounts of water and electrolytes from the body.

Electrolyte composition of sweat

 

Chloride   7gms/litre

Sodium    4gms/litre

Potassium1.3gms/litre

Calcium   .25gms/litre

Magnesium.13gms/litre

Phosphorus.03gms/litre

 

Obviously these electrolytes must be replaced as quickly and efficiently as possible, either in the diet or by oral administration. We talk about the Dietary Electrolyte Balance (DEB) as being the total amount of electrolytes but a standard type mixed diet is usually not enough to meet the required DEB. To demonstrate this point, consider a basic diet of 6kg Grass/Hay + 3kg Oats + 3kg Sweet feed with no added electrolyte supplement. If we analyse this diet it equates to:

 

Actual                      Requirement

Crude Protein                         1200gm                   1300 gm

Digestible Energy                   30mCals                  30mCals

Potassium                              145gms                   55gms

Sodium                                  18gms                     42gms

Calcium                                  60gms                     47gms

Magnesium                              19gms                     22gms

Chloride                                   46gms                     80gms

This diet has a low DEB with Chloride, Magnesium and Sodium levels being low. Potassium is rarely deficient in diets based on grass and hay. An increase in the work of a horse will create a requirement for an increase in electrolyte supplementation. Horses do not store sodium, potassium or chloride from one day to the next. Therefore electrolytes need to be adjusted according to the work level of the horse and the environmental conditions. Working in hot conditions will create a higher rate of sweat and therefore a need for greater replacement. When not in work the horse needs less, if over supplemented, it will increase water intake and urine loss.

A correctly formulated Electrolyte supplement should contain Chloride and Sodium at a ratio of approximately 2:1 as well as Calcium and Magnesium at low levels.

The equine kidney has developed to handle forage diets which are high in Potassium and low in Sodium. As long as the kidneys are functioning properly and the DEB is correct, they will regulate and maintain the body’s Electrolyte levels.

The idea of acid and alkaline Electrolyte supplements is now regarded by equine physiologists as unnecessary. Horses can develop a mild metabolic acidosis after intense exercise and may develop a metabolic alkalosis in situations of heavy sweat loss. In both these cases so long as there is sufficient Chloride in the DEB then the horses kidneys will sort out its own acid/base balance. Vetpro Equine Electrolytes are a neutral PH composition.

It is difficult to assess a horses Electrolyte status from a blood test, samples of blood and urine need to be taken at the same time. Consult your veterinarian for this.

Active ingredients per kg:    Daily dose rates:

Sodium                    22.95%                   Racehorses                90g

Potassium               17.6%                     Eventers                     90g

Chloride                  37.95%                   Show/Dressage           60g

Carbonate               8.125%                   Horses in light work      60g

Calcium                  4.375%

Magnesium              2.5%

Sulphate                 3.5%

Flavour                    0.5%

Available sizes: 1kg, 2kg, 5kg, 10 kg and 25kg.